Annual Review Report

FY 2012

Virginia Department of Rehabilitative Services

Department of Education seal

Issued by the U.S. Department of Education
Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services
Rehabilitation Services Administration
September 05, 2013

I. Introduction

The State Vocational Rehabilitation (VR) Services Program is a state-federal program that has been established to assist individuals with disabilities, particularly those with significant disabilities, to achieve high quality employment outcomes in integrated settings. In FY 2012, the VR program assisted 180,216 individuals with disabilities nationally to achieve employment. Qualified VR counselors employed by state VR agencies work together with individuals with disabilities to develop a plan of services leading to an employment outcome consistent with the individual's abilities, interests, and informed choice. The services provided by the VR agency can include but are not limited to the following: counseling and guidance, assessment, vocational training, post-secondary education, assistance with living expenses, transportation, personal assistance services, and job placement. The VR program is supplemented by the State Supported Employment Services program which provides services to individuals with the most significant disabilities who require on-the-job and other supports to maintain employment. Through informed choice and in partnership with the VR program and the broader rehabilitation community, individuals with disabilities are able to maximize their potential and reach the goal of employment in their local communities.

Section 107 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, as amended (the Act), requires RSA to conduct annual reviews and periodic on-site monitoring to determine if a state is complying with the provisions of its state plan and with the standards and indicators established under Section 106. This report contains the following information:

Please note that this report is written in nontechnical language for the general public and in some cases detailed categories have been collapsed. See Appendix A for statutory and regulatory definitions and reporting requirements. Appendix B contains a guide for technical users on how to find the source data for the tables in this report.

II. Virginia Department of Rehabilitative Services (DARS)

This report presents information about the performance of the Virginia Department of Rehabilitative Services (DARS) beginning on October 1, 2011 and ending on September 30, 2012 (FY 2012). It is based on data submitted to RSA by DARS as of September 05, 2013.

Each state designates a state agency to administer the VR program. The Act provides flexibility for a state to have two state VR agencies - one for individuals who are blind and one for individuals with other types of disabilities, typically referred to as a general agency. Combined agencies serve individuals with all types of disabilities. DARS is a general agency. All national averages are based on agencies of comparable type; for general agencies, national averages are based on other general and combined agencies.

Table 1. Program highlights for FY 2012

Description Number
Total funds expended on VR and SE$99,319,500
Individuals whose cases were closed with employment outcomes2,726
Individuals whose cases were closed without employment outcomes4,013
Total number of individuals whose cases were closed after receiving services6,739
Employment rate40.45%
Individuals whose cases were closed with supported employment outcomes634
New applicants per million state population1,143.38
Average cost per employment outcome$3,867.04
Average cost per unsuccessful employment outcome$1,575.73
Average hourly earnings for competitive employment outcomes$10.44
Average state hourly earnings$24.60
Percent average hourly earnings for competitive employment outcomes to state average hourly earnings42.44%
Average hours worked per week for competitive employment outcomes 29.97
Percent of transition age served to total served45.84%
Employment rate for transition population served41.40%
Average time between application and closure (in months) for individuals with competitive employment outcomes 28.3
Performance on Standard 1DID NOT MEET
Performance on Standard 2MET

A state VR agency must implement an order of selection when it does not have enough fiscal and/or personnel resources to fully serve all eligible individuals. An order of selection is a list of priority categories from which eligible individuals are selected for services. Eligible individuals are assigned to priority categories based on the significance of their disability. When selecting individuals for services, first priority is given to individuals with the most significant disabilities. DARS is on an order of selection. As of September 30, 2012, there were 1,742 individuals on the waiting list.

III. Individuals in the VR program

The following table profiles individuals in the DARS VR program. This table provides the following:

Table 2. Caseload statistics

Category Number Percent increase or decrease from prior year
Applicants10,059-15.3%
Individuals served17,522-12.7%
Closed after receiving services6,739-11.9%
Closed with employment outcomes2,726-30.6%
Closed without employment outcomes after receiving services4,013+7.9%

The following section focuses on the 6,739 individuals whose cases were closed in FY 2012 after receiving services: by disability, special population, SSI recipients, and SSDI beneficiaries.

A. By disability

This table provides the number of individuals by type of disability whose cases were closed after receiving services in FY 2012 and provides percentages for each type of disability category based on both agency totals and national statistics.

Table 3. Individuals whose cases were closed after receiving services by disability for DARS

Category Number Increase or decrease from prior year Percent of agency total National average for general/ combined agencies
Visual impairments37-20.55%2.95%
Physical disorders1,104-22816.38%23.78%
Communicative impairments428-106.35%9.94%
Cognitive impairments2,602-22938.61%29.80%
Mental and emotional (psychosocial) disabilities2,568-44138.11%33.53%
Total6,739-910 100.00% 100.00%

Refer to Appendix B for information on how the disability categories are computed.

B. Special populations

Two groups merit particular attention because of their unique VR needs: those of transition age (ages 14-24) and those over 65. This section provides statistics for these special populations.

Table 4. Special populations served

Special population Number Increase or decrease from prior year Percent of agency total National average for general/ combined agencies
Transition age (14-24)3,089+2345.84%35.85%
Over 6523-280.34%1.76%

C. SSI recipients and SSDI beneficiaries

The following table shows Supplemental Security Income (SSI) recipients and Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) beneficiaries.

Table 5. SSI recipients and SSDI beneficiaries

Category Number Increase or decrease from prior year Percent of agency total National average for general/ combined agencies
SSI recipients1,307-19119.39%18.46%
SSDI beneficiaries1,324-21719.65%18.63%

D. Services provided to individuals

The following table provides information on the number of individuals who received specific VR services in FY 2012.

Table 6. Services provided

CategoryIndividuals served 2012 Increase or decrease from prior year
Assessment (purchased only)1,359+117
Placement (purchased only)3,070-287
Treatment of physical and mental impairments2,432-430
Postsecondary education266-89
Other training and education1,507-247
Assistance with living expenses1,235-227
Transportation2,629-503
Personal assistance, reader, or interpreter services206+18
Rehabilitation technology services105+13
All other services2,490-91

IV. Outcomes

The following section focuses on outcomes in various ways: type of employment, disability, special populations, SSI recipients, and SSDI beneficiaries. For this section, "achieved employment" is defined as individuals who obtained employment after receiving services. See Appendix A for the definition of employment outcome and for criteria for closing cases (34 CFR 361.5(b)(16) and 361.56). Of the individuals whose cases were closed after receiving services from DARS in FY 2012, 40.45% or 2,726 achieved employment, compared to the national average for general and combined agencies of 55.40%.

A. Competitive employment

Of individuals who achieved employment, 95.52% or 2,604 achieved competitive employment, compared to the national average for general and combined agencies of 98.32%. Competitive employment means employment at or above minimum wage in an integrated setting. See Appendix A for the definition of competitive employment. See 34 CFR 361.5(b)(11).

Table 7. Average hours worked per week and average hourly earnings, competitive employment

Category Competitive employment
Average hours worked per week 29.97
National average for general/ combined agencies hours worked per week 30.93
Average hourly earnings $10.44
National average hourly earnings for general/ combined agencies $11.32

B. By type of employment

Individuals can achieve a variety of employment outcomes:

See Appendix A for the definitions used in the RSA-911 for reporting purposes.

Table 8. Employment outcomes by type of employment

Type of employment Number Percent of agency total National average for general/ combined agencies
Employment without supports in an integrated setting2,00573.55%83.58%
Employment with supports in an integrated setting 63423.26%12.55%
Self-employment 582.13%2.13%
BEP 20.07%0.06%
Homemaker and unpaid family worker270.99%1.59%

Table 9. Average hours worked per week and average hourly earnings by type of employment

Type of employment Average hours worked per week National average for general/ combined agencies hours worked per week Average hourly earnings National average hourly earnings for general/ combined agencies
Employment without supports in an integrated setting31.8932.18$10.60$11.53
Employment with supports in an integrated setting 23.9923.10$8.82$8.82
Self-employment 28.9728.06$12.73$13.85
BEP 30.0033.41$11.83$15.90
Homemaker and unpaid family worker0.000.01$0.00$0.00

C. By disability

The following tables provide the number of individuals who achieved employment in FY 2012, employment rates, average hours worked, and hourly earnings by disability. Employment rate is the percentage of cases closed with employment outcomes compared to all cases closed after receiving services.

Table 10. Employment outcomes by disability

Disability Number Percent of agency total National average for general/ combined agencies
Visual impairments 180.66%3.48%
Physical disorders38914.27%22.96%
Communicative impairments2218.11%13.78%
Cognitive impairments1,18243.36%30.28%
Mental and emotional (psychosocial) disabilities91633.60%29.50%
Total2,726 100.00% 100.00%

Table 11. Employment rates by disability

Disability Employment rate Change from prior year National average for general/ combined agencies
Visual impairments 48.65-0.0765.46
Physical disorders35.24-17.2453.49
Communicative impairments51.64-16.8576.82
Cognitive impairments45.43-7.2456.29
Mental and emotional (psychosocial) disabilities35.67-11.5548.74

Table 12. Average hours worked per week and average hourly earnings by disability

Disability Average hours worked per week National average for general/ combined agencies hours worked per week Average hourly earnings National average hourly earnings for general/ combined agencies
Visual impairments 32.1124.07$11.38$9.87
Physical disorders28.6231.55$11.18$12.39
Communicative impairments31.3633.03$11.74$14.00
Cognitive impairments28.9328.85$9.37$9.46
Mental and emotional (psychosocial) disabilities30.6330.65$10.24$10.41

D. Special populations

Table 13. Employment outcomes for special populations

Special population Number Percent of agency total National average for general/ combined agencies
Transition age (14-24) 1,27946.92%35.00%
Over 65120.44%2.52%

Table 14. Employment rates for special populations

Special population Employment rate Change from prior year National average for general/ combined agencies
Transition age (14-24) 41.40%-5.44%54.09%
Over 6552.17%-12.54%79.43%

Table 15. Average hours worked per week and average hourly earnings for special populations

Special population Average hours worked per week National average for general/ combined agencies hours worked per week Average hourly earnings National average hourly earnings for general/ combined agencies
Transition age (14-24)29.0529.81$9.16$9.69
Over 6524.6723.28$9.33$11.64

E. SSI recipients and SSDI beneficiaries

Table 16. Employment outcomes for SSI recipients and SSDI beneficiaries

Category Number Percent of agency total National average for general/ combined agencies
SSI recipients 42815.70%13.46%
SSDI beneficiaries48517.79%15.11%

Table 17. Employment rates for SSI recipients and SSDI beneficiaries

Category Employment rate Change from prior year National average for general/ combined agencies
SSI recipients 32.75%-8.24%40.38%
SSDI beneficiaries36.63%-10.35%44.95%

Table 18. Average hours worked per week and average hourly earnings for SSI recipients and SSDI beneficiaries

Category Average hours worked per week National average for general/ combined agencies hours worked per week Average hourly earnings National average hourly earnings for general/ combined agencies
SSI recipients22.4521.96$8.35$9.02
SSDI beneficiaries23.3022.50$9.53$9.95

V. Agency staffing patterns

The table below provides the number of agency full-time equivalent (FTE) staff in each category, as compared to the prior year and national average for general and combined agencies. See Appendix A for the definitions used in the RSA-2 for reporting purposes.

Table 19. Staffing patterns

Type FY 2012 Increase or decrease from prior year Percent of agency total National average for general/ combined agencies
Administrative staff65-3712.87%12.24%
Counselor staff284+1156.24%45.68%
Support staff125-4524.75%39.92%
Other staff31-166.14%2.17%
Total staff505-87 100.00% 100.00%

VI. Financial data

A. Funds available

The financial resources available to DARS to provide VR services to individuals with disabilities in FY 2012 are shown in the following table. The sources of funds are:

Table 20. Funds available

Category FY 2012 Increase or decrease from prior year
Final federal VR grant award$62,387,300-1,405,073
Nonfederal expenditures (Match)$16,885,892-379,388
Program income$1,487,385-856,246
Carryover - prior year's VR grant$12,029,413
Federal supported employment grant award$553,135+4,820
Total$93,343,125-1,863,858

B. Funds used

In FY 2012 DARS used $99,319,500 for its VR program, a decrease of 1.10%. Compared to the prior year, the use of funds for administration increased by 1.50% and the use of funds for all client services decreased by 1.36%. Of the funds used for client services, 82.00% was used for services provided directly by the agency and 18.00% was used for services purchased from other providers.

Table 21. Funds used

Type of funds FY 2012 Increase or decrease from prior year Percent of agency total National average for general/ combined agencies
Administrative $9,392,793+138,5279.46%11.54%
Total all client services $89,926,707-1,240,49690.54%88.46%
Agency-provided services$73,740,226-270,16274.25%40.93%
Purchased services $16,186,481-970,33416.30%47.53%
Total funds used $99,319,500-1,101,969 100.00% 100.00%

C. Expenditures on services

Of the $89,926,707 used on client services, 0.00% or $0 was used on services to groups. The following table provides the remaining expenditures on services provided to individuals, whether purchased or provided directly by DARS.

Table 22. Services provided to individuals

Service FY 2012 Increase or decrease from prior year Percent of agency total National average for general/ combined agencies
Assessment, counseling, guidance, and placement provided by DARS personnel$73,740,226-270,16282.00%42.19%
Assessment (purchased only)$1,345,013+287,2681.50%6.42%
Placement (purchased only)$8,148,205-396,8009.06%6.84%
Treatment of physical and mental impairments$1,113,916-330,4271.24%7.26%
Postsecondary education $847,377-110,1570.94%8.20%
Other training and education$1,299,148-210,5341.44%13.67%
Assistance with living expenses$684,094-123,7570.76%2.26%
Transportation$1,068,993-18,1171.19%2.50%
Personal assistance, reader, or interpreter services$614,333-5,0930.68%0.80%
All other services$1,065,402-62,7171.18%10.35%
Total expenditures on services provided to individuals$89,926,707-1,240,496100.00%98.21%

Of the $89,926,707 used on client services, 0.11% or $102,275 was used on rehabilitation technology services.

VII. Compliance with standards and indicators

RSA monitors and evaluates the agency's ability to meet or exceed standard performance measures. The standards are divided into two major content areas that encompass seven indicators. Each state agency's data is computed and measured against the standards and indicators on an annual basis. In order to meet Standard 1, an agency must meet or exceed the required performance levels for four of the six indicators, including two of the three primary indicators. In order to meet Standard 2, an agency must meet or exceed the required performance level for Indicator 2.1. The table below indicates that in FY 2012 DARS did not meet the required performance level for indicators in Standard 1. DARS met or exceeded the required performance level for Indicator 2.1.

Table 23. Standard 1: Did the state agency assist eligible individuals to obtain, maintain or regain employment?

Indicators RSA minimum performance levelFY 2011 FY 2012
1.1 How many more or fewer individuals achieved employment?
Greater than or equal to prior year
+540
Met
-1,204
Did not meet
1.2 Of the individuals whose cases were closed after receiving services, what percentage achieved employment?
55.80% 51.38%
Did not meet
40.45%
Did not meet
1.3 (Primary Indicator) Of the individuals who achieved employment, what percentage achieved competitive employment?
72.60% 94.50%
Met
95.52%
Met
1.4 (Primary Indicator) Of the individuals who achieved competitive employment, what percentage had a significant disability?
62.40% 99.03%
Met
99.50%
Met
1.5 (Primary Indicator) What is the ratio of the average hourly wage of individuals who achieved competitive employment to the average hourly wage of all employed individuals in the state?
0.520 0.409
Did not meet
0.424
Did not meet
1.6 What was the increase or decrease in the percentage of individuals who achieved competitive employment who had their own income as a primary source of support at closure compared to the percentage who had their own income as a primary source of support when they applied for VR services? 53.00 56.25
Met
60.18
Met

Table 24. Standard 2: Did the state agency ensure that individuals from minority backgrounds have access to VR services?

Indicators RSA minimum performance levelFY 2011 FY 2012
2.1 What was the ratio of the minority population served by the VR program compared to the ratio of the nonminority population served by the VR program? 0.800 0.945
Met
0.987
Met

VIII. Status of appeals for FY 2012

When participants in the VR program are dissatisfied with services, they have a variety of options for addressing their dissatisfaction. They may engage in mediation with concurrence of the state agency, may request an informal or formal review, or may take legal action.

Table 25. Decisions made in formal reviews

Type Number Increase or decrease from prior year
In individual's favor2+1
In agency's favor4+2

Table 26. Types of complaints/issues involved in disputes

Types of complaint or issue MediationImpartial hearing requestsReviews of IHO decisionsCivil actions
Applicant eligibility for VR 0410
Nature/contents/scope of IPE 1510
Quality of counseling services 0410
Delivery/quality of other VR services 0003
Cost of services 0304
Termination of services/service record closure 1200
All other complaints/issues 0410

Appendix A - Glossary

Where the following definitions refer to the Code of Federal Regulations, it specifically means Title 34-Education, Chapter III-Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services, Department of Education, Part 361-The State Vocational Rehabilitation Services Program (34 CFR 361). This may be viewed at http://www.access.gpo.gov/nara/cfr/waisidx_02/34cfr361_02.html

Appendix B - Sources of data

Annual Review Report - Appendix B

Table of contents

This technical document is an appendix to the RSA-MIS Annual Review Report. It lists the sources for data shown in tables on the report, and can be used by technical staff at state agencies to verify the data RSA shows on the RSA-MIS Annual Review Report.
(Updated Nov 12, 2013)

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Sources of data

State agencies report to RSA on the following forms:

The original source data for this report may be viewed on-line in the RSA Management Information System (RSA-MIS). From the MIS, select Main Menu then select Data Entry to view the reports submitted by the agency (note: the RSA-911 data shown in the RSA-MIS is aggregated data). Use the Ad Hoc Query feature (on the Quick Queries menu) to verify national averages.

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Table 1. Program highlights

There are two versions of Table 1, depending on the year of the report. Additionally, there are changes in FY 2012 regarding how competitive employment is calculated.


For FY 2012 and later

For FY 2008 and later

For FY 2007 and earlier

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Table 2. Caseload statistics

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Table 3. Individuals whose cases were closed after receiving services by disability

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Table 4. Special populations served

NOTE: Beginning FY2008 Transition Age is calculated using Age at Application.
To calculate age at application:
Subtract [application year (record position 15-18) from birth year (record position 23-26)] - 1 where [birth month (record position 27-28) = application month (record position 19-20) AND birth day (record position 29-30) > application day (record position 21-22)] OR [birth month (record position 27-28) > application month (record position 19-20)].
Subtract [application year (record position 15-18) from birth year (record position 23-26)] where [birth month (record position 27-28) = application month (record position 19-20) AND birth day (record position 29-30) = application day (record position 21-22)] OR [birth month (record position 27-28) < application month (record position 19-20)] OR [birth month (record position 27-28) = application month (record position 19-20) AND birth day (record position 29-30) < application day (record position 21-22)].

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Table 5. SSI recipients and SSDI beneficiaries

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Table 6. Services provided

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Table 7. Average hours worked per week and average hourly earnings, competitive employment

This table averages the number of hours worked RSA-911 report hours worked in a week at closure (record position 167-168) where type of closure (record position 198) is 3 and the average hourly wage (RSA-911 report weekly earnings at closure (record position 163-166) divided by hours worked in a week at closure (record position 167-168) where type of closure (record position 198) is 3 for each of the following categories:


For FY 2012

For FY 2011 and earlier

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Table 8. Employment outcomes by type of employment

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Table 9. Average hours worked per week and average hourly earnings by type of employment

This table averages the number of hours worked RSA-911 report hours worked in a week at closure (record position 167-168) where type of closure (record position 198) is 3 and the average hourly wage (RSA-911 report weekly earnings at closure (record position 163-166) divided by hours worked in a week at closure (record position 167-168) where type of closure (record position 198) is 3 for each of the following categories:

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Table 10. Employment outcomes by disability

This table looks at those RSA-911 reports where type of closure (record position 198) is 3 for each of the following categories:

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Table 11. Employment rates by disability

This table looks at those RSA-911 reports where employment rate, the percentage of the number of reports where type of closure (record position 198) is 3 divided by the sum of the number of reports where type of closure (record position 198) is 3 or 4, for each of the following categories:

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Table 12. Average hours worked per week and average hourly earnings by disability

This table averages the number of hours worked, RSA-911 report hours worked in a week at closure (record position 167-168), and the average hourly wage, RSA-911 report weekly earnings at closure (record position 163-166) divided by the number of hours worked, RSA-911 report hours worked in a week at closure (record position 167-168) where type of closure (record position 198) is 3 for each of the following categories:

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Table 13. Employment outcomes for special populations

Note: Beginning FY2008 Transition Population is calculated using Age at Application. See the note on Table 4 for directions on how to calculate the age at application.

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Table 14. Employment rates for special populations

This table looks at RSA-911 reports employment rate, the percentage of the number of reports where type of closure (record position 198) is 3 divided by the sum of the number of reports where type of closure (record position 198) is 3 or 4 for each of the following categories:

Note: Beginning FY2008 Transition Population is calculated using Age at Application. See the note on Table 4 for directions on how to calculate the age at application.

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Table 15. Average hours worked per week and average hourly earnings for special populations

This table averages the number of hours worked, RSA-911 report hours worked in a week at closure (record position 167-168), and the average hourly wage, RSA-911 report weekly earnings at closure (record position 163-166) divided by the number of hours worked, RSA-911 report hours worked in a week at closure (record position 167-168) where type of closure (record position 198) is 3 for each of the following categories:

Note: Beginning FY2008 Transition Population is calculated using Age at Application. See the note on Table 4 for directions on how to calculate the age at application.

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Table 16. Employment outcomes for SSI recipients and SSDI beneficiaries

This table looks at those RSA-911 reports where type of closure (record position 198) is 3 for each of the following categories:

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Table 17. Employment rates for SSI recipients and SSDI beneficiaries

This table looks at those RSA-911 reports where employment rate, the percentage of the number of reports where type of closure (record position 198) is 3 divided by the sum of the number of reports where type of closure (record position 198) is 3 or 4, for each of the following categories:

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Table 18. Average hours worked per week and average hourly earnings for SSI recipients and SSDI beneficiaries

This table averages the number of hours worked, RSA-911 report hours worked in a week at closure (record position 167-168), and the average hourly wage, RSA-911 report weekly earnings at closure (record position 163-166) divided by the number of hours worked, RSA-911 report hours worked in a week at closure (record position 167-168) where type of closure (record position 198) is 3 for each of the following categories:

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Table 19. Staffing patterns

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Table 20. Funds available

For Fiscal Year 2009 and earlier, financial reporting was performed using the SF-269; for Fiscal Year 2010 and later, the SF-425 was used.

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Table 21. Funds used

For reports from Fiscal Year 2005 and earlier, the following items were included on this table.

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Table 22. Services provided to individuals

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Table 23. Standard 1

For all of the RSA-911 computations, the performance period is one year for general and combined agencies, and two years for blind agencies. All of the following computations depend on looking at aggregated RSA-911 information.

Required Performance Level:
The required performance level is zero or higher.

Required Performance Level:
For the general and combined DSUs, the required performance level is 55.8%; for agencies serving individuals who are blind, the level is 68.9%.

Required Performance Level:
For the general and combined DSUs, the level is an arithmetic difference of 53.0; for agencies serving individuals who are blind, the level is a difference of 30.4.

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Table 24. Standard 2

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Table 25. Decisions made in formal reviews

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Table 26. Types of complaints/issues involved in disputes

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This content was copied from www.ed.gov on 09/04/2014

This appendix is also available on the ed.gov website at http://www.ed.gov/rschstat/eval/rehab/rsamis/ann_appendix_b.html.