Annual Report - Independent Living Services For Older Individuals Who Are Blind

RSA-7-OB for Alabama Department of Rehabilitation Services - H177B170001 report through September 30, 2017

Instructions

Introduction

The revised ED RSA-7-OB form incorporates revisions to the four established performance measures for the Independent Living Services for Older Individuals who are Blind (IL-OIB) program. Added in 2007, these measures aim to better reflect the program’s impact on individual consumers and the community.

Added to capture information that may be required to meet GPRA guidelines, the performance measures can be found under Part VI: Program Outcomes/Performance Measures as follows:

Measure 1.1

Of individuals who received AT (assistive technology) services and training, the percentage who regained or improved functional abilities previously lost as a result of vision loss.

Measure 1.2

Of individuals who received orientation and mobility (O & M) services, the percentage who experienced functional gains or maintained their ability to travel safely and independently in their home and/or community environment.

Measure 1.3

Of individuals who received services or training in alternative non-visual or low vision techniques, the percentage that experienced functional gains or were able to successfully restore and maintain their functional ability to engage in their customary life activities within their home environment and community.

Measure 1.4

Of the total individuals served, the percentage that reported that they are in greater control and are more confident in their ability to maintain their current living situation as a result of services.

Revisions to these established program performance measures consists of the following additional five items:

E1. Enter the Number of individuals served who reported feeling that they are in greater control and are more confident in their ability to maintain their current living situation as a result of services they received (Closed/inactive cases only)

E2. Enter the number of individuals served who reported feeling that they have less control and confidence in their ability to maintain their current living situation as a result of services they received (closed/inactive cases only)

E3. Enter the number of individuals served who reported no change in their feelings of control and confidence in their ability to maintain their current living situation as a result of services they received (closed/inactive cases only)

E4. Enter the number of individuals served who experienced changes in lifestyle for reasons unrelated to vision loss. (closed/inactive cases only)

E5. Enter the number of individuals served who died before achieving functional gain or experiencing changes in lifestyle as a result of services they received. (closed/inactive cases only)

Submittal Instructions

OIB grantees are expected to complete and submit the 7-OB Report online through RSA’s website (https://rsa.ed.gov), unless RSA is notified of pertinent circumstances that may impede the online submission.

To register with RSA’s MIS, please go to https://rsa.ed.gov and click on Info for new users. The link provides instructions for obtaining an agency-specific username and password. Further instructions for completing and submitting the 7-OB Report online will be provided upon completion of the registration process.

OIB grantees submitting the 7-OB Report online are not required to mail signed copies of the 7-OB Report to RSA, but they must certify in the MIS that the signed and dated 7-OB Report and lobbying certification forms are retained on file.

The Report submittal deadline is no later than December 31 of the reporting year.

Part I: Funding Sources for Expenditures And Encumbrances — Instructions

Please note: Total expenditures and encumbrances for direct program services in Part I (C) must equal the total funds spent on service in Part IV. Part I C must equal the sum of Part IV A1+B1+C1+D1.

A. Funding SourceS for Expenditures and encumbrances in reported fy

A1. Enter the total amount of Title VII-Chapter 2 funds expended or encumbered during the reported FY. Include expenditures or encumbrances made from both carryover funds from the previous FY and from the reported FY grant funds.

A2. Enter the total of any other federal funds expended or encumbered in the Title VII-Chapter 2 program during the reported FY. Designate the funding sources and amounts in (a) through (e).

A3. Enter the total amount of state funds expended or encumbered in the Title VII - Chapter 2 program. Do not include in-kind contributions (e.g., documented value of services, materials, equipment, buildings or office space, or land).

A4. Enter the total amount of third party contributions including local and community funding, non-profit or for-profit agency funding, etc. Do not include in-kind contributions (e.g., documented value of services, materials, equipment, buildings or office space, or land).

A5. Enter the total amount of in-kind contributions from non-federal sources. Include value of property or services that benefit the Title VII-Chapter 2 program (e.g. the fairly evaluated documented value of services, materials, equipment, buildings or office space or land).

A6. Enter the total matching funds (A3 + A4 + A5). Reminder: The required non-federal match for the Title VII-Chapter 2 program is not less than $1 for each $9 of federal funds provided in the Title VII-Chapter 2 grant. Funds derived from or provided by the federal government, or services assisted or subsidized to any significant extent by the federal government, may not be included in determining the amount of non-federal contributions.

A7. Enter the total amount of all funds expended and encumbered (A1 + A2 + A6) during the reported fiscal year.

B. Total expenditures and encumbrances allocated to administrative, support staff, and general overhead costs

Enter the total amount of expenditures and encumbrances allocated to administrative, support staff, and general overhead costs. Do not include costs for direct services provided by agency staff or the costs of contract or sub-grantee staff that provide direct services under contracts or sub-grants. If an administrator spends a portion of his or her time providing administrative services and the remainder providing direct services, include only the expenditures for administrative services.

C. Total expenditures and encumbrances for direct program services

Enter the total amount of expenditures and encumbrances for direct program services by subtracting line B from line A7.

Part II: Staffing — Instructions

Base all FTE calculations upon a full-time 40-hour workweek or 2080 hours per year. Record all FTE assigned to the Title VII-Chapter 2 program irrespective of whether salary is paid with Title VII-Chapter 2 funds.

A. Full-time Equivalent (FTE) Program Staff

A1. Under the “Administrative & Support” column (A1a), enter the full-time equivalent (FTE) of all administrative and support staff (e.g. management, program directors, supervisors, readers, drivers for staff, etc.) assigned to the Title VII-Chapter 2 program from the State agency. (For example, if 20% or 8 hours per week of a staff person’s time were spent on administrative and support functions related to this program, the FTE for that staff person would be .2). Under the “Direct Services” column (A1b), enter the FTE of all direct service staff (e.g. rehabilitation teacher, IL specialist, orientation and mobility specialist, social worker, drivers for individuals receiving services, etc.) assigned to the Title VII-Chapter 2 program from the State agency. If administrative or support staff of the State agency also provide direct services, report the FTE devoted to direct services in the “Direct Services” column (A1b). (For example, if 80% of a staff person’s time were spent in providing direct services, the FTE for that person would be 8). Finally, add across the “Administrative & Support” FTE (A1a) and “Direct Service” FTE (A1b) to enter the total State agency FTE in the TOTAL (A1c) column.

A2. Under the “Administrative & Support” column (A2a), enter the full-time equivalent (FTE) of all administrative and support staff (e.g. management, program directors, supervisors, readers, drivers for staff, etc.) assigned to the Title VII-Chapter 2 program from contractors or sub-grantees. Under the “Direct Services” column (A2b), enter the FTE of all direct service staff (e.g. rehabilitation teacher, IL specialist, orientation and mobility specialist, social worker, driver for individuals receiving services, etc.) assigned to the Title VII-Chapter 2 program from contractors and sub-grantees. If administrative staff of the contractors or sub-grantees also provides direct services, report the FTE devoted to direct services in the “Direct Services” column (A2b). Finally, add across the “Administrative & Support” FTE (A2a) and “Direct Service” FTE (A2b) to enter the total contractor or sub-grantee FTE in the TOTAL (A2c) column.

A3. Add each column for A1 and A2 and record totals on line A3.

B. Employed or advanced in employment

B1. Enter the total number of employees (agency and contractor/sub-grantee staff) with disabilities (include blind and visually impaired not 55 or older), including blindness or visual impairment, in B1a. Enter the FTE of employees with disabilities in B1b. (To calculate B1b, add the total number of hours worked by all employees with disabilities and divide by 2080 to arrive at the FTE)

B2. Enter the total number of employees (agency and contractor/sub-grantee staff) who are blind or visually impaired and age 55 and older in B2a. Enter the FTE of employees who are blind or visually impaired and age 55 or older in B2b. (To calculate B2b, add the total number of hours worked by employees who are blind or visually impaired and age 55 and older and divide by 2080 to arrive at the FTE)

B3. Enter the total number of employees (agency and contractor/sub-grantee staff) who are members of racial/ethnic minorities in B3a. Enter the FTE of employees who are members of racial/ethnic minorities in B3b. (To calculate B3b, add the total number of hours worked by employees who are members of racial/ethnic minorities and divide by 2080 to arrive at the FTE)

B4. Enter the total number of employees (agency and contractor/sub-grantee staff) who are women in B4a. Enter the FTE of employees who are women in B4b. (To calculate B4b, add the total number of hours worked by women and divide by 2080 to arrive at the FTE)

B5. Enter the total number of employees (agency and contractor/sub-grantee staff) who are ages 55 and older, but not blind or visually impaired, in B5a. Enter the FTE of employees who are ages 55 and older, but not blind or visually impaired, in B5b. (To calculate B5b, add the total number of hours worked by employees who are ages 55 and older, but not blind or visually impaired, and divide by 2080 to arrive at the FTE)

C. Volunteers

C1. Enter the FTE of program volunteers in C1. (To calculate C1, add the total number of hours worked by all program volunteers and divide by 2080 to arrive at the FTE).

Part III: Data on Individuals Served — Instructions

Provide data in all categories on program participants who received one or more services during the fiscal year being reported.

A. Individuals Served

A1. Enter the number of program participants carried over from the previous federal fiscal year who received services in this reported FY (e.g. someone received services in September (or any other month) of the previous FY and continued to receive additional services in the reported FY).

A2. Enter the number of program participants who began receiving services during the reported fiscal year irrespective of whether they have completed all services.

A3. Enter the total number served during the reported fiscal year (A1 + A2).

B. Age

B1-B10. Enter the total number of program participants served in each respective age category.

B11. Enter the sum of B1 through B10. This must agree with A3.

C. Gender

C1. Enter the total number of females receiving services.

C2. Enter the total number of males receiving services.

C3. Enter the sum of C1 and C2. This must agree with A3.

D. Race/Ethnicity

Hispanic or Latino means a person of Cuban, Mexican, Puerto Rican, South or Central American, or other Spanish culture or origin, regardless of race.

D1. Enter the number of individuals served who are Hispanic/Latino of any race or Hispanic/Latino only. Hispanic/Latino means a person of Cuban, Mexican, Puerto Rican, South or Central American, or other Spanish culture or origin, regardless of race.

D2. Enter the number of individuals served who are American Indian or Alaska Native. American Indian or Alaska Native means a person having origins in any of the original peoples of North and South America (including Central America), and who maintains tribal affiliation or community attachment.

D3. Enter the number of individuals served who are Asian. Asian means a person having origins in any of the original peoples of the Far East, Southeast Asia, or the Indian subcontinent including, for example, Cambodia, China, India, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, Pakistan, the Philippine Islands, Thailand, and Vietnam.

D4. Enter the number of individuals served who are Black or African American. Black or African American means a person having origins in any of the black racial groups of Africa. Terms such as “Haitian” may be used.

D5. Enter the number of individuals served who are Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander. Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander means a person having origins in any of the original peoples of Hawaii, Guam, Samoa, or other Pacific Islands.

D6. Enter the number of individuals served who are White or Caucasian. White means a person having origins in any of the original peoples of Europe, the Middle East, or North Africa.

D7. Enter the number of individuals served who report two or more races but who are not Hispanic/Latino of any race.

D8. Enter “race and ethnicity unknown” only if the consumer refuses to identify race and ethnicity.

D9. Enter the total of D1 through D8. This number must agree with A3.

E. Degree of Visual Impairment

E1. Enter the number of individuals served who are totally blind (e.g. have light perception only or no light perception).

E2. Enter the number of individuals served who are legally blind (excluding those recorded in E1).

E3. Enter the number of individuals served who have severe visual impairment.

E4. Add E1 + E2 + E3 and enter the total. This number must agree with A3.

F. Major Cause of Visual Impairment

(Please note that the primary site for the definitions of diseases is http://www.nia.nih.gov/AboutNIA/StrategicPlan/ResearchGoalA/Subgoal1.htm.)

Enter only one major cause of visual impairment for each individual served.

F1. Enter the number of individuals served who have macular degeneration as the major cause of visual impairment. Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a progressive disease of the retina wherein the light-sensing cells in the central area of vision (the macula) stop working and eventually die. The cause of the disease is thought to be a combination of genetic and environmental factors, and

It is most common in people who are age 60 and over. AMD is the leading cause of legal blindness in senior citizens.

F2. Enter the number of individuals served who have diabetic retinopathy as the major cause of visual impairment. Diabetic retinopathy is the leading cause of new cases of legal blindness among working-age Americans and is caused by damage to the small blood vessels in the retina. It is believed that poorly controlled blood sugar levels are related to its progression. Most persons with diabetes have non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) or what is commonly called “adult-onset” or Type II diabetes, and control their blood sugar with oral medications or diet alone. Others have insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM), also called "younger or juvenile-onset" or Type I diabetes, and must use insulin injections daily to regulate their blood sugar levels.

F3. Enter the number of individuals served who have glaucoma as the major cause of visual impairment. Glaucoma is a group of eye diseases causing optic nerve damage that involves mechanical compression or decreased blood flow. It is permanent and is a leading cause of blindness in the world, especially in older people.

F4. Enter the number of individuals served who have cataracts as the major cause of visual impairment. A cataract is a clouding of the natural lens of the eye resulting in blurred vision, sensitivity to light and glare, distortion, and dimming of colors. Cataracts are usually a natural aging process in the eye (although they may be congenital) and may be caused or accelerated by other diseases such as glaucoma and diabetes.

F5. Enter the number of individuals served who have any other major cause of visual impairment.

F6. Enter the sum of F1 through F5. This number must agree with A3.

G. Other Age-Related Impairments

Enter the total number of individuals served in each category. Individuals may report one or more non-visual impairments/conditions. The National Institute on Aging (NIA) Strategic Plan identifies age-related diseases, disorders, and disability including the following categories.

G1. Hearing Impairment: Presbycusis is the gradual hearing loss that occurs with aging. An estimated one-third of Americans over 60 and one-half of those over 85 have some degree of hearing loss. Hearing impairment occurs when there is a problem with or damage to one or more parts of the ear, and may be a conductive hearing loss (outer or middle ear) or a sensorineural hearing loss (inner ear) or a combination. The degree of hearing impairment can vary widely from person to person. Some people have partial hearing loss, meaning that the

Ear can pick up some sounds; others have complete hearing loss, meaning that the ear cannot hear at all. One or both ears may be affected, and the impairment may be worse in one ear than in the other.

G2. Diabetes: Diabetes is a disease in which the body does not produce or properly use insulin, a hormone that is needed to convert sugar, starches and other food into energy needed for daily life. Type 2 diabetes, which results from insulin resistance and abnormal insulin action, is most prevalent in the older population. Diabetes complications, such as heart disease and loss of sight, increase dramatically when blood sugar is poorly controlled and often develop before diabetes is diagnosed.

G3. Cardiovascular Disease and Strokes: Diseases of the heart and blood vessels are the leading cause of hospitalization and death in older Americans. Congestive heart failure is the most common diagnosis in hospitalized patients aged 65 and older.

G4. Cancer: The second leading cause of death among the elderly is cancer, with individuals age 65 and over accounting for 70 percent of cancer mortality in the United States. Breast, prostate, and colon cancers, are common in older people.

G5. Bone, Muscle, Skin, Joint, and Movement Disorders: Osteoporosis (loss of mass and quality of bones), osteoarthritis (inflammation and deterioration of joints), and sarcopenia (age-related loss of skeletal muscle mass and strength) contribute to frailty and injury in millions of older people. Also contributing to loss of mobility and independence are changes in the central nervous system that control movement. Cells may die or become dysfunctional with age, as in Parkinson's disease. Therefore, older people may have difficulty with gross motor behavior, such as moving around in the environment, or with fine motor skills, such as writing.

G6. Alzheimer’s Disease/Cognitive Impairment: Alzheimer’s disease is the most common type of dementia (a brain disorder that significantly affects an individual’s ability to carry out daily life activities) in older people. It and other cognitive impairments impact parts of the brain that control thought, memory, and language.

G7. Depression is widespread, often undiagnosed, and often under-treated in the elderly. It is believed to affect more than 6.5 million of the 35 million Americans who are 65 or older. Depression is closely associated with dependency and disability. Symptoms may include: loss of interest in normally pleasurable activities, persistent, vague or unexplained somatic complaints, memory complaints, change in weight, sleeping disorder, irritability or demanding behavior, lack of attention to personal care, difficulty with concentration, social withdrawal, change in appetite, confusion, delusions or hallucinations, feeling of worthlessness or hopelessness, and thought about suicide.

G8. Other Major Geriatric Concerns: Several conditions can compromise independence and quality of life in older persons including weakness and falls, urinary incontinence, benign prostatic hyperplasia, and co morbidity (co morbidity describes the effect of all other diseases an individual might have on the primary disease).

H. Type of Residence

H1. Enter the number of individuals served who live in private residence (house or apartment unrelated to senior living).

H2. Enter the number of Individuals served who live in senior living/retirement community (e.g. housing designed for those age 55 and older).

H3. Enter the number of individuals served who live in assisted living facility (e.g. housing that provides personal care and services which meet needs beyond basic provision of food, shelter and laundry).

H4. Enter the number of individuals served who live in nursing homes/long-term care facility (e.g. any facility that provides care to one or more persons who require nursing care and related medical services of such complexity to require professional nursing care under the direction of a physician on a 24 hour a day basis).

H5. Enter the number of individuals served who are homeless

H6. Enter the sum of H1, H2, H3, H4 and H5. This number must agree with A3.

I. Source of Referral

I1. Enter the number of individuals served referred by an ophthalmologist or optometrist.

I2. Enter the number of individuals served referred by a medical provider other than an ophthalmologist or optometrist.

I3. Enter the number of individuals served referred by a state vocational rehabilitation agency.

I4. Enter the number of individuals served referred by a government or social services agency defined as a public or private agency which provides assistance to consumers related to eligibility and securing entitlements and benefits, counseling, elder law services, assistance with housing, etc.

I5. Enter the number of individuals served referred by the Veterans Administration

I6. Enter the number of individuals served referred by a senior program defined as a community-based educational, recreational, or socialization program operated by a senior center, nutrition site, or senior club.

I7. Enter the number of individuals served referred by an assisted living facility defined as housing that provides personal care and services which meet needs beyond basic provision of food, shelter and laundry.

I8. Enter the number of individuals served referred by a nursing home/long-term care facility defined as any facility that provides care to one or more persons who require nursing care and related medical services of such complexity to require professional nursing care under the direction of a physician on a 24 hour a day basis.

I9. Enter the number of individuals served referred by a faith-based (religious affiliated) organization.

I10. Enter the number of individuals served referred by an independent living center (ILC) defined as a consumer-controlled, community-based, cross-disability, nonresidential private nonprofit agency that is designed and operated within a local community by individuals with disabilities, and provides an array of independent living services.

I11. Enter the number of individuals referred by a family member or friend.

I12. Enter the number of individuals who were self-referred.

I13. Enter the number of individuals referred from all other sources aside from those listed above.

I14. Enter the sum of I1, I2, I3, I4, I5, I6, I7, I8, I9, I10, I11, I12, and I13. This number must agree with A3

Part IV: Types of Services Provided and Resources Allocated — Instructions

Please note: Total expenditures and encumbrances for direct program services in Part I C must equal the total funds spent on services in Part IV. Part I C must equal the sum of Part IV A1+B1+C1+D1.

In addition, salary or costs associated with direct service staff or contractors providing

direct services should be included in the cost of services provided in A, B, C, and D.

A. Clinical / Functional Vision Assessments and Services

A1. Enter the total cost from Title VII-Chapter 2 federal grant funds (A1a) and the total cost from all other sources of program funding (A1b) for clinical and/or functional vision assessments and services, whether purchased or provided directly.

A2. Enter the total number of program participants who received clinical vision screening or vision examinations from qualified or certified professionals such as ophthalmologists or optometrists, and who received functional vision assessments or low vision evaluations to identify strategies for enhancing visual performance both without and with optical and low vision devices and equipment. Assessment areas may include functional visual acuity and fields, efficiency of vision in the performance of everyday tasks, and evaluation for low vision aids or equipment. These assessments are typically provided by skilled professionals or those who are certified or have a master’s degree in low vision rehabilitation. Do not include evaluations for orientation and mobility. These should be included in C3.

A3. Enter the total number of program participants who received surgical or therapeutic treatment to prevent, correct, or modify disabling eye conditions; and, hospitalizations related to such services. Include prescription optics in this service category. Nonprescription optics should be reported in B2.

B. Assistive Technology Devices, Aids, Services and Training

B1. Enter the total cost from Title VII-Chapter 2 federal grant funds (B1a) and the total cost from all other sources of program funding (B1b) for the provision of assistive technology devices, aids, services and training.

B2. Enter the total number of program participants who received one or more assistive technology devices and aids. As defined in Section 3(4) of the Assistive Technology Act of 2004 (Pub. L. 108-364), “assistive technology device means any item, piece of equipment, or product system whether acquired commercially, modified, or customized that is used to increase, maintain, or improve functional capabilities of individuals with disabilities.” Assistive technology devices may include such items as canes, slates, insulin gauges, CCTVs, computers, adaptive software, magnifiers, adaptive cooking items, adaptive recreational items, handwriting guides, Braillers, large button telephones, etc.

B3. Enter the total number of program participants who received one or more assistive technology services and training. As defined in Section 3(5) of the Assistive Technology Act of 2004 (PL 108-364), “assistive technology service means any service that directly assists an individual with a disability in the selection, acquisition, or use of an assistive technology device.” Services may include the evaluation of assistive technology needs of an individual, services related to acquisition of technology, costs of loan programs, maintenance and repair of assistive technology, training or technical assistance for the individual or professionals related to the use of assistive technology, programs to expand the availability of assistive technology, low vision therapy services related to the use of optical aids and devices, and other services related to the selection, acquisition, or use of an assistive technology device.

C. Independent Living and Adjustment Training and Services

C1. Enter the total cost from Title VII-Chapter 2 federal grant funds (C1a) and the total cost from all other sources of program funding (C1b) for the provision of services and adjustment training leading to independent living. Evaluation and assessment services (excluding those included in A2 or B3) leading to the planning and implementation of services and training should be included in these costs.

C2. Enter the total number of individuals who received orientation and mobility (O & M) services or travel training (i.e. learning to access public or private transportation and to travel safely and as independently as possible in the home and community with or without the use of mobility aids and devices).

C3. Enter the total number of individuals who received communication skills training (e.g. reading and writing Braille, keyboarding and computer literacy, computer skills training, using the telephone, handwriting guides, telling time, using readers, use of audio and tactile technologies for home, recreational or educational use; etc.). Training in the use of newspaper reading services and radio services should be included.

C4. Enter the total number of individuals who received personal management and daily living skills training (e.g. training in the use of adaptive aids and assistive technology devices for personal management and daily living, blindness and low vision alternative techniques for food preparation, grooming and dress, household chores, medical management, shopping, recreational activities, etc.)

C5. Enter the total number of individuals who received supportive services (e.g. reader services, transportation, personal attendant services, support service providers, interpreters, etc.) while actively participating in the program or attaining independent living goals.

C6. Enter the total number of program participants who participated in advocacy training or support network activities such as consumer organization meetings, peer support groups, etc.

C7. Enter the total number of individuals who received counseling (peer, individual or group) to assist them in adjusting to visual impairment and blindness.

C8. Enter the total number of program participants that received information and referral to other service providers, programs, and agencies (e.g. senior programs, public and private social service programs, faith-based organizations, consumer groups, etc.) to enhance adjustment, independent living, and integration into the community. Do not include individuals who received only information and referral and for whom no other services were provided.

C9. Enter the total number of individuals served who were provided any other service not listed above.

D. Community Awareness Activities / Information and Referral

D1. Enter the total cost from Title VII-Chapter 2 federal grant funds (D1a) and the total cost from all other sources of program funding (D1b) for providing information and referral services and community awareness activities/events to individuals for whom this was the only service provided (i.e. training for other professionals, telephone inquiries, general inquiries, etc.).

D2. Enter the number of individuals receiving information and referral services for whom this is the only service provided. (optional)

D3. Enter the number of community awareness events/activities in which the Chapter 2 program participated during the reported year (D3a) and the number or estimated number of individuals who benefited from these activities (D3b).

Part V: Comparison of Prior Year Activities to Current Reported Year — Instructions

A1. Program Expenditures and Encumbrances (all sources) Enter the total cost of the program for the prior fiscal year (A1a), and the fiscal year being reported (A1b). The total cost of the program can be found in Part I A7. Calculate the change (plus or minus) from the prior year to the reported year (A1c).

A2. Number of Individuals Served Enter the total number of eligible individuals served in the prior year (A2a), and in the current reported year (A2b). The total number of individuals served can be found in Part III A3. Calculate the change (plus or minus) in the numbers served from the prior year to the reported year (A2c).

A3. Number of Minority Individuals Served Enter the total number of minority individuals served in the prior year (A3a), and in the fiscal year currently being reported (A3b). The total number of minority individuals served is the total of Part III D1+D2+D3+D4+D5 +D7. Calculate the change (plus or minus) in the numbers served from the prior year to the reported year (A3c).

A4. Number of Community Awareness Activities Enter the number of community awareness activities or events in which the Chapter 2 program participated during the prior year (A4a), and in the fiscal year currently being reported (A4b). The number of community awareness activities is found in Part IV D3a. Calculate the change (plus or minus) in the number of events from the prior year to the year being reported (A4c).

A5. Number of Collaborating Agencies and Organizations Enter the number of collaborating organizations or agencies (formal agreements or informal activity) other than Chapter 2 paid sub-grantees or contractors in the prior year (A5a), and in the fiscal year currently being reported (A5b). Calculate the change (plus or minus) from the prior year to the year being reported (A5c).

A6. Number of Sub-grantees/Contractors If you provide services through sub-grantee agencies or contract, enter the number of sub-grantees or contracts in the prior year (A6a), and in the fiscal year currently being reported (A6b). Calculate the change (plus or minus) from the prior year to the year being reported (A6c). If you do not use sub-grantees, enter 0 in A6a, A6b, and A6c.

Part VI: Program Outcomes/Performance Measures — Instructions

A. Enter the number from Part IV B3 in A1. From available program data and evaluations, enter the number of individuals receiving AT (assistive technology) services and training who maintained or improved functional abilities that were previously lost or diminished as a result of vision loss in A2. (closed/inactive cases only).

In A3, from available program data and evaluations, enter the number of individuals for whom functional gains have not yet been determined at the close of the reporting period (This number would not include those individuals who are no longer receiving services and who either did not make functional gains or maintain functional ability before case closure or inactivity).

B. Enter the number from Part IV C2 in B1. From available program data and evaluations, of those receiving orientation and mobility (O & M) services, enter the number of individuals who experienced functional gains or maintained their ability to travel safely and independently in their residence and/or community environment as a result of services in B2 (closed/inactive cases only).

In B3, from available program data and evaluations, enter the number of individuals for whom functional gains have not yet been determined at the close of the reporting period (This number would not include those individuals who are no longer receiving services and who either did not make functional gains or maintain functional ability before case closure or inactivity).

C. Enter the number from Part IV C3 in C1. From available program data and evaluations, of those receiving communication skills training, enter the number of individuals who gained or maintained their functional abilities as a result of services they received in C2 (Closed/inactive cases only).

In C3, from available program data and evaluations, enter the number of individuals for whom functional gains have not yet been determined at the close of the reporting period (This number would not include those individuals who are no longer receiving services and who either did not make functional gains or maintain functional ability before case closure or inactivity).

D. Enter the number from Part IV C4 in D1. From available program data and evaluations, of those receiving daily living skills training, enter the number of individuals that experienced functional gains or successfully restored or maintained their functional ability to engage in their customary daily life activities as a result of services or training in personal management and daily living skills In D2 (Closed/inactive cases only).

In D3, enter the Number of individuals for whom functional gains have not yet been determined at the close of the reporting period (This number would not include those individuals who are no longer receiving services and who either did not make functional gains or maintain functional ability before case closure or inactivity).

E1. Enter the Number of individuals served who reported feeling that they are in greater control and are more confident in their ability to maintain their current living situation as a result of services they received (Closed/inactive cases only).

E2. Enter the number of individuals served who reported feeling that they have less control and confidence in their ability to maintain their current living situation as a result of services they received (Closed/inactive cases only).

E3. Enter the number of individuals served who reported no change in their feelings of control and confidence in their ability to maintain their current living situation as a result of services they received (Closed/inactive cases only).

E4. Enter the number of individuals served who experienced changes in lifestyle for reasons unrelated to vision loss (Closed/inactive cases only). “Change in lifestyle” is defined as any non-vision related event that results in the consumer’s reduced independence, such as moving from a private residence (house or apartment) to another type of residence e.g. living with family, senior living community, assisted living facility, nursing home/long-term facility, etc. Reduced independence could also result in employing a caregiver to enable the consumer continue to live in his/her home. Examples of events that could result in reduced independence of the consumer include loss of spouse and onset or worsening of other health conditions such as diabetes, cancer, heart disease, etc.

E5. Enter the number of individuals served who died before achieving functional gain or experiencing changes in lifestyle as a result of services they received (Closed/inactive cases only).

Part VII: Training and Technical Assistance — Instructions

On July 22, 2014, Public Law 113-128, the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (WIOA) was enacted and included a new requirement under Section 751A that the RSA Commissioner shall conduct a survey of designated State agencies that receive grants under section 752 regarding training and technical assistance needs in order to determine funding priorities for such training and technical assistance. Please enter a brief description of training and technical assistance needs that you may have to assist in the implementation and improvement of the performance of your Independent Living Services for Older Individuals Who Are Blind grant (for example, financial management, reporting requirements on the 7-OB, program management, data analysis and program performance, law and applicable regulations, provision of services and service delivery, promising practices, resources and information, outreach, etc.).

Part VIII: Narrative — Instructions

Self-explanatory.

Part IX: Signature Instructions

Please sign and print the name, title and telephone number of the IL-OIB Program Director.

Part I: Funding Sources And Expenditures

Title VII-Chapter 2 Federal grant award for reported fiscal year476,457
Other federal grant award for reported fiscal year0
Title VII-Chapter 2 carryover from previous year291,456
Other federal grant carryover from previous year0
A. Funding Sources for Expenditures in Reported FY
A1. Title VII-Chapter 2489,241
A2. Total other federal0
(a) Title VII-Chapter 1-Part B0
(b) SSA reimbursement0
(c) Title XX - Social Security Act0
(d) Older Americans Act0
(e) Other0
A3. State (excluding in-kind)52,940
A4. Third party0
A5. In-kind0
A6. Total Matching Funds52,940
A7. Total All Funds Expended542,181
B. Total expenditures and encumbrances allocated to administrative, support staff, and general overhead costs195,270
C. Total expenditures and encumbrances for direct program services346,911

Part II: Staffing

FTE (full time equivalent) is based upon a 40-hour workweek or 2080 hours per year.

A. Full-time Equivalent (FTE)

Program Staff a) Administrative and Support b) Direct Service c) Total
1. FTE State Agency 5.6700 7.5900 13.2600
2. FTE Contractors 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
3. Total FTE 5.6700 7.5900 13.2600

B. Employed or advanced in employment

a) Number employed b) FTE
1. Employees with Disabilities 11 3.2600
2. Employees with Blindness Age 55 and Older 5 1.1900
3. Employees who are Racial/Ethnic Minorities 13 4.3300
4. Employees who are Women 41 10.3500
5. Employees Age 55 and Older 19 4.8900

C. Volunteers

0.00

Part III: Data on Individuals Served

Provide data in each of the categories below related to the number of individuals for whom one or more services were provided during the reported fiscal year.

A. Individuals Served

1. Number of individuals who began receiving services in the previous FY and continued to receive services in the reported FY295
2. Number of individuals who began receiving services in the reported FY749
3. Total individuals served during the reported fiscal year (A1 + A2) 1,044

B. Age

1. 55-5966
2. 60-6495
3. 65-6995
4. 70-74103
5. 75-79125
6. 80-84174
7. 85-89192
8. 90-94132
9. 95-9948
10. 100 & over14
11. Total (must agree with A3)1,044

C. Gender

1. Female771
2. Male273
3. Total (must agree with A3)1,044

D. Race/Ethnicity

For individuals who are non-Hispanic/Latino only

1. Hispanic/Latino of any race1
2. American Indian or Alaska Native4
3. Asian1
4. Black or African American228
5. Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander1
6. White809
7. Two or more races0
8. Race and ethnicity unknown (only if consumer refuses to identify)0
9. Total (must agree with A3)1,044

E. Degree of Visual Impairment

1. Totally Blind (LP only or NLP)66
2. Legally Blind (excluding totally blind)466
3. Severe Visual Impairment512
4. Total (must agree with A3)1,044

F. Major Cause of Visual Impairment

1. Macular Degeneration529
2. Diabetic Retinopathy86
3. Glaucoma171
4. Cataracts31
5. Other227
6. Total (must agree with A3)1,044

G. Other Age-Related Impairments

1. Hearing Impairment391
2. Diabetes327
3. Cardiovascular Disease and Strokes724
4. Cancer165
5. Bone, Muscle, Skin, Joint, and Movement Disorders554
6. Alzheimer's Disease/Cognitive Impairment121
7. Depression/Mood Disorder121
8. Other Major Geriatric Concerns461

H. Type of Residence

1. Private residence (house or apartment)900
2. Senior Living/Retirement Community65
3. Assisted Living Facility58
4. Nursing Home/Long-term Care facility21
5. Homeless0
6. Total (must agree with A3)1,044

I. Source of Referral

1. Eye care provider (ophthalmologist, optometrist)290
2. Physician/medical provider11
3. State VR agency80
4. Government or Social Service Agency156
5. Veterans Administration0
6. Senior Center3
7. Assisted Living Facility5
8. Nursing Home/Long-term Care facility4
9. Faith-based organization1
10. Independent Living center3
11. Family member or friend240
12. Self-referral219
13. Other32
14. Total (must agree with A3)1,044

Part IV: Types of Services Provided and Resources Allocated

Provide data related to the number of older individuals who are blind receiving each type of service and resources committed to each type of service.

A. Clinical/functional vision assessments and services

Cost Persons Served
1a. Total Cost from VII-2 funds 7,680
1b. Total Cost from other funds 853
2. Vision screening / vision examination / low vision evaluation 341
3. Surgical or therapeutic treatment to prevent, correct, or modify disabling eye conditions 0

B. Assistive technology devices and services

Cost Persons Served
1a. Total Cost from VII-2 funds 105,814
1b. Total Cost from other funds 11,757
2. Provision of assistive technology devices and aids 881
3. Provision of assistive technology services 927

C. Independent living and adjustment training and services

Cost Persons Served
1a. Total Cost from VII-2 funds 198,479
1b. Total Cost from other funds 22,053
2. Orientation and Mobility training 193
3. Communication skills 681
4. Daily living skills 822
5. Supportive services (reader services, transportation, personal 3
6. Advocacy training and support networks 139
7. Counseling (peer, individual and group) 370
8. Information, referral and community integration 483
. Other IL services 585

D. Community Awareness: Events & Activities

Cost a. Events / Activities b. Persons Served
1a. Total Cost from VII-2 funds 248
1b. Total Cost from other funds 27
2. Information and Referral 0
3. Community Awareness: Events/Activities 569 9,453

Part V: Comparison of Prior Year Activities to Current Reported Year

A. Activity

a) Prior Year b) Reported FY c) Change ( + / - )
1. Program Cost (all sources) 560,925 489,241 -71,684
2. Number of Individuals Served 1,024 1,044 20
3. Number of Minority Individuals Served 229 235 6
4. Number of Community Awareness Activities 631 569 -62
5. Number of Collaborating agencies and organizations 86 167 81
6. Number of Sub-grantees 0 0

Part VI: Program Outcomes/Performance Measures

Provide the following data for each of the performance measures below. This will assist RSA in reporting results and outcomes related to the program.

Number of persons Percent of persons
A1. Number of individuals receiving AT (assistive technology) services and training 927 100.00%
A2. Number of individuals receiving AT (assistive technology) services and training who maintained or improved functional abilities that were previously lost or diminished as a result of vision loss. (closed/inactive cases only) 608 65.59%
A3. Number of individuals for whom functional gains have not yet been determined at the close of the reporting period. 316 34.09%
B1. Number of individuals who received orientation and mobility (O & M) services 193 100.00%
B2. Of those receiving orientation and mobility (O & M) services, the number of individuals who experienced functional gains or maintained their ability to travel safely and independently in their residence and/or community environment as a result of services. (closed/inactive cases only) 119 61.66%
B3. Number of individuals for whom functional gains have not yet been determined at the close of the reporting period. 73 37.82%
C1. Number of individuals who received communication skills training 681 100.00%
C2. Of those receiving communication skills training, the number of individuals who gained or maintained their functional abilities as a result of services they received. (Closed/inactive cases only) 444 65.20%
C3. Number of individuals for whom functional gains have not yet been determined at the close of the reporting period. 237 34.80%
D1. Number of individuals who received daily living skills training 822 100.00%
D2. Number of individuals that experienced functional gains or successfully restored or maintained their functional ability to engage in their customary daily life activities as a result of services or training in personal management and daily living skills. (closed/inactive cases only) 563 68.49%
D3. Number of individuals for whom functional gains have not yet been determined at the close of the reporting period. 259 31.51%
E1. Number of individuals served who reported feeling that they are in greater control and are more confident in their ability to maintain their current living situation as a result of services they received. (closed/inactive cases only) 704 n/a
E2. Number of individuals served who reported feeling that they have less control and confidence in their ability to maintain their current living situation as a result of services they received. (closed/inactive cases only) 0 n/a
E3. Number of individuals served who reported no change in their feelings of control and confidence in their ability to maintain their current living situation as a result of services they received. (closed/inactive cases only) 24 n/a
E4. Number of individuals served who experienced changes in lifestyle for reasons unrelated to vision loss. (closed/inactive cases only) 14 n/a
E5. Number of individuals served who died before achieving functional gain or experiencing changes in lifestyle as a result of services they received. (closed/inactive cases only) 4 n/a

Part VII: Training and Technical Assistance Needs

Continuing to provide funding for grants like the Independent Living Services for Older Individuals Who Are Blind (OIB) Training and Technical Assistance Program Grant that was awarded to Mississippi State University is needed. MSU continues to bring OIB programs together through training conferences, conference calls, and a listserv. More of these activities are needed so that programs can share information and best practices with one another. This type of TA will be even more important when the new 7-OB format/report is implemented. Technical assistance in regard to recruiting and training qualified Vision Rehabilitation Therapists is always needed.

Part VIII: Narrative

A. Briefly describe the agency's method of implementation for the Title VII-Chapter 2 program (i.e. in-house, through sub-grantees/contractors, or a combination) incorporating outreach efforts to reach underserved and/or unserved populations. Please list all sub-grantees/contractors.

The Alabama Department of Rehabilitation Services (ADRS) manages older blind services funded under the Title VII-Chapter 2 program as the Older Alabamians System for Information and Services (OASIS) program. When fully staffed, services are provided in all 67 counties through a network of 20 Vision Rehabilitation Therapists (VRTs) and six Orientation and Mobility (O&M) Specialists positioned in 12 ADRS offices. O&M positons are based in Huntsville, Birmingham, Dothan, Montgomery, Mobile and Tuscaloosa to provide these services across the state. In order to provide services in underserved areas the program utilizes contract O&Ms which provided 70 hours of instruction to 14 consumers in underserved areas in FY 17. Three VRT positions are employed at 1.0 FTE using Title VII-Chapter 2 funds, devoting 100% of their time to the Program. The remaining 17 VRTs and the six O&M Specialists are employed with funds provided by ADRS and the Alabama Institute for Deaf and Blind, devoting 25% of their time to the program for direct services to OASIS consumers. All staff are provided Title VII-Chapter 2 funds to purchase needed aides for independent living instruction and assistive technology such as CCTVs, handheld electronic magnifiers, and OCR devices. In addition to in-home services, center-based services are available as needed through a partnership with the Alabama Institute for Deaf and Blind Regional Centers in Huntsville, Birmingham, Muscle Shoals, Tuscaloosa and Mobile. Administratively, the OASIS program is part of the Blind and Deaf Services division of ADRS. At no cost the Program Director (approximately .25 FTE) oversees the personnel and fiscal management of the program, public relations, and the reporting of activities. Additionally, and again at no cost to the program, the Coordinator of Vision Rehabilitation Therapists and Orientation and Mobility Specialists (approximately .25 FTE) organizes staff training, recruits applicants, and reviews the quality of services provided by staff. The Program Coordinator (one FTE) manages the daily operations of the program and directly supervises the three full time VRTs funded by the program in addition to two full time support staff.

B. Briefly describe any activities designed to expand or improve services including collaborative activities or community awareness; and efforts to incorporate new methods and approaches developed by the program into the State Plan for Independent Living (SPIL) under Section 704.

The Alabama Department of Rehabilitation Services seeks to incorporate the unique approaches in the implementation of the Title VII-Chapter 2 program into the State Plan for Independent Living under Section 704 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 as amended. Of note are several methods and approaches implemented and/or maintained in fiscal year 2017. In FY 16 a statewide needs assessment with staff and consumers identified that our current functional assessment needed revision to reflect current consumer needs. In November 2016 we implemented a workgroup of senior VRTs and administrators to develop revisions. Implementation of these revisions into our case management system is ongoing and is expected to be fully incorporated in FY 18. OASIS maintains an Advisory Council that consists of over 20 agencies, organizations and consumer groups that serve seniors, persons with visual impairment or blindness, or both. The Council meets quarterly and forms the basis of many collaborative partnerships for the OASIS program while learning about available services from other groups. This year the Eyesight Foundation joined the Council and shared their new initiative with Prevent Blindness to create the Alabama Vision Coalition. This Coalition is meeting regularly, and OASIS is represented by the Program Director in the Coalition. One of our partners on the Council is the Middle Alabama Area Agency on Aging (M4A). We participate in their quarterly meetings, and in their Blooming Benefits Day in Jefferson, Shelby, Chilton, Blount, and Walker counties which are great avenues to increase community awareness. OASIS participated in their public hearing and is a member of their advisory council as well. OASIS continues to collaborate with the Department of Veterans Affairs Southeastern Blind Rehabilitation Center which is also represented on our Advisory Council. OASIS staff participated in the VA Center’s White Cane Day awareness event in October 2016. Also, the Visual Impairment Services Team Coordinator in Tuskegee led a session during one of our staff trainings in November 2016 on Veteran’s services and medicine management. Similarly, we have a working relationship with the UAB Center for Low Vision Rehabilitation as they serve many seniors statewide who have vision loss and are a common referral source for consumers. This year UAB also hosted opportunities to meet a vendor for the eSight augmented vision devices which our staff were able to take advantage of. UAB’s Connections Support group is involved in our support group leader’s regularly scheduled conference call. During these calls we have heard from transportation resources, medical educators, and have shared resources and ideas. OASIS maintains affiliation with 30 support groups throughout the state of Alabama through the support of our VRTs and O&Ms. A majority of these support groups are in rural areas helping staff locate resources for consumers and assisting consumers in finding out about our services. This year the OASIS Coordinator held conference calls for support group leaders to learn of resources and strategies. Also, a statewide email list of over 100 names provides these groups with information and resources and is maintained by our Coordinator of Rehabilitation Teachers and Orientation and Mobility Specialists. OASIS continued its Camp SAVI (Seniors Adjusting to Visual Impairment) for the sixth year. This year’s event was held April 9-14, with seven consumers and five support persons participating. A collaboration between OASIS, AIDB’s Gentry Facility, and the UAB Department of Optometry participants were given low vision, hearing, and technology assessments. In addition they were provided with comprehensive independent living and adjustment to blindness training. Support persons learned more about vision and hearing loss, the adjustment process, and how to assist their loved one. In addition to training in independent living skills, a visit to the Anniston Museum of Natural History allowed participants to explore and practice self-advocacy for accommodations with the idea that they will learn to ask for accommodations in order to enjoy similar attractions in their home community. OASIS and the American Foundation for the Blind/ Vision Aware have a working partnership maintaining 16 information kiosks on low vision and blindness located around the state, which are maintained by ADRS VRTs. OASIS also purchased licenses to access AFB’s online training on a variety of topics related to seniors with vision loss. Several current staff have completed the 20 training modules and new staff are expected to complete it. During FY 17 the OASIS Program Coordinator and the Coordinator of Vision Rehabilitation Therapists and Orientation and Mobility Specialists participated in the 21st Century Agenda on Vision Loss and Aging. Both have participated in a goal group focused on providing qualified services, and in a sub-group on hiring and training qualified staff. The Program Coordinator also participated in a sub-group on identifying and implementing best practices for older blind services. This led to him representing the agenda on Mississippi State University’s Best Practices Workgroup which brought national stakeholders together to identify best practices. ADRS is a supporter of staff training for its VRT and O&M Specialists to improve and enhance their ability to serve consumers effectively. One in-service training was held in March 2017 focusing on areas of the functional assessment that needed remediation and additional training. Specific training was held on working with diabetics, Veteran’s services, ethical practices, and iOS devices. Staff also participated in our agency’s annual Blind Services Retreat, the Alabama AER Conference, consumer group conferences to include NFB & ACB, and other local trainings. For out-of-state training the program Director, Coordinator, and the Coordinator of Vision Rehabilitation Therapists attended the AFB Leadership Conference in Arlington, VA which provided a track for older-blind program administrators. In addition to direct training the Program Coordinator and the Coordinator for VRTs and O&Ms initiated regular case reviews for our staff. Files were reviewed on staff in Homewood, Montgomery, and Mobile. In each area OASIS cases were reviewed for the quality of the casework, adherence to policies, and overall case management. This resulted in training opportunities with staff and their direct supervisors. In this year staff completed 569 community awareness activities, reaching an estimated 9,453 people and 86 local community agencies. Also, an OASIS Advisory Council member and former consumer was highlighted in our 2017 Annual Report for ADRS which is provided to legislators and others to inform them on ADRS programs and services.

C. Briefly summarize results from any of the most recent evaluations or satisfaction surveys conducted for your program and attach a copy of applicable reports.

A Consumer Satisfaction Survey was distributed to each OASIS consumer at program closure during fiscal year 2017. Consumers were told that their participation was voluntary and that their responses would be confidential. Findings from analysis of 263 returned surveys indicate that 98.8% of respondents agreed or strongly agreed that services were provided in a timely manner. Further, 99.2% of respondents agreed or strongly agreed that VRTs were attentive and interested in their well-being, that their VRT were familiar with blindness-specific techniques and aids, and that they were satisfied with the quality of services received. Consumers responded to questions regarding services related to their ability to travel safely and independently in their home and/or community, complete tasks in the home (i.e. use appliances, cook safely, clean and organize their home, etc.), use of a magnifier to complete tasks, their dependence on others in performing daily activities, their perceptions of control and confidence in maintaining living situations, and sufficient instruction of devices and equipment. For each of these questions, consumers were asked if they agreed or disagreed with each of the statements related to each service area. If they did not receive/request a specific service, they were also asked to provide this information. Note that percentages for each service may not total 100% due to rounding. When asked about their confidence to travel in the home and community after receiving services, 58% of consumers strongly agreed they were more confident, 41% agreed, and 2% (n = 1) strongly disagreed. One hundred and forty consumers reported that they did not receive this service, of which four said they would have liked to receive this service. When asked about completing tasks in the home, 57% of consumers strongly agreed they were better able to complete these tasks, 41% agreed, and 2% (n = 4) disagreed. Fifty consumers reported that they did not request this service. When asked about their ability to use a magnifier to complete tasks, 67% of consumers strongly agreed they were better able to complete tasks, 31% agreed, and 1% (n = 1) strongly disagreed. 17 consumers reported they did not request this service, of which four would have liked to receive this service. Of consumers receiving services, 48% strongly agreed they were less dependent on others, 48% agreed, and 4% (n = 9) disagreed that they were less dependent on others. When asked about functioning before services, 51% strongly agreed they now have greater control and confidence in their ability to maintain their current living situation, 46% agreed, and 3% (n = 7) disagreed feeling less control and confidence. Among consumers receiving instruction on devices or equipment, 57% strongly agreed that their instruction was sufficient to ensure use of the device, and 40% agreed, 1% disagreed, and 2% would have liked more instruction. 83 consumers reported they did not request this service. (Note that the question asks about specific devices: CCTV, digital recorder, pen friend, or reading machine.) When asked if they found peer support groups helpful, 19% strongly agreed, 13% agreed, 1% disagreed, 12% said they were not given information about peer support groups, and 55% said they were not interested in attending a peer support group. In addition to demographic questions, the survey included questions regarding changes in vision and health over the previous year. Results indicated that 65% of consumers had experienced reduced vision, 3% had improved vision, and 31% had stable vision. With respect to overall health, 32% reported that their health had worsened, 5% reported improved health, and 63% reported stable health. Consumers were also asked if they had considered going into a nursing home before services and if services had helped them remain in their homes. 24% of respondents reported they had sometimes or often considered a nursing home and 76% reported that OASIS services had helped them remain in their homes. Overall, these results demonstrate the high quality of services and the substantial benefits consumers received from participating in the OASIS program. A copy of the complete program evaluation report conducted by Mississippi State University’s National Research and Training Center will be available in early 2018.

D. Briefly describe the impact of the Title VII-Chapter 2 program, citing examples from individual cases (without identifying information) in which services contributed significantly to increasing independence and quality of life for the individual(s).

A total of 1,044 persons were served by the OASIS Program during FY 17. 674 of those individuals completed their program with their VRT and/or O&M Specialist receiving 2,821 total hours of instruction, an estimated $158,110 of equipment, and reporting greater control in their ability to maintain their current living situation. The program also purchased $28,311 in new assistive technology and recycled 71 pieces of assistive technology to consumers for reading or accessing print. For consumers in underserved areas 70 hours of contract orientation and mobility instruction was provided to 14 consumers. Demographically 75% of the population was 70 years of age and older, and 25% were “Baby Boomers” (age 55-69). With consumers served reported being 77% white and 22% African American, which is consistent with the 2010 Census data for people 55 and older, at 78% and 20% respectively. Macular degeneration, diabetic retinopathy and glaucoma continue to be the most common cause of vision loss experienced by consumers. The leading secondary conditions for consumers were in turn cardiovascular disease, bone; muscle and joint disorders, hearing impairment, and diabetes. Each consumer participates in the development of an Individualized Plan for Rehabilitation Teaching or an Individualized Plan for Orientation and Mobility. In FY 17, 822 individuals were provided daily living skills training, 681 individuals were provided communication skills training, 193 individuals were provided orientation and mobility training, and 881 individuals were provided assistive technology training. Below are examples of consumers who were served in FY 17. Consumer A lives in Mobile County. Her vision loss is due to diabetes. Additionally she has had one leg amputated below the knee. Consumer A was instructed in methods that would allow her to manage her medications. Working in partnership with the home health nurse, Consumer A was taught to use a talking meter to test her blood and large print materials to record the results. She was also taught marking and labeling methods to help her organize her medications. Consumer A learned to devise a marking system for food and clothing. In the kitchen Consumer A was taught several adaptive techniques that will allow her to safely prepare food. This included the use of several small appliances for alternative methods. One of her favorites is her table top grill and with the grill Consumer A is able to prepare some of her favorite foods again. Consumer A was also encouraged to attend a diabetic education class where she learned additional needed information. This was used to reinforce the lessons taught in home management and nutrition. She also is attending a low vision support group for seniors which has helped with the depression and loneliness she was feeling. Consumer B is a 57 years old man who lives with his wife in Dallas County. The consumer was diagnosed with Glaucoma about 10 years ago, but recently his vision has been decreasing. His level of physical activity was very low, but he was interested in using a long cane to travel around independently. Cane techniques were taught and Consumer B demonstrated a proper use of the cane when he was traveling around his neighborhood. The O&M practiced with the consumer two new routes in his neighborhood. After providing services, the consumer was able to take the trash to the dumpster by himself regularly. He was also able travel to the apartment’s mailbox and get the mail independently. The consumer learned the routes and reversed them using the correct cane techniques. In each lesson, the O&M could notice that the consumer practiced between lessons and that he was improving his cane techniques. The consumer was always motivated for the O&M training. After the training, the consumer’s wife was very happy and thankful because the consumer was helping her with the trash and getting the mail. That was a big help for her. The O&M also taught sighted guide techniques to Consumer B and his wife who is a wheelchair user. The O&M modified some of the sighted guide techniques so the consumer could travel effectively with his wife. Before they learned the sighted guide techniques the consumer and his wife had some difficulties when they were traveling outside the house. After they learned these techniques, they expressed that the sighted guide techniques were a big help when they were navigating in stores as well as other places. The consumer and his wife were very thankful after O&M training was provided since it made a big improvement in their life. Consumer C is an 82 year old women who lives in Marshall County. Her vision loss is due to macular degeneration and she also experiences dry eye and Charles Bonnet Syndrome. She lives at home with her husband and her goals were to be able to read her Bible along with other print materials. An evaluation on a near reading chart indicated that she could read on the 20/500 line comfortably. Optical magnifiers were provided, but proved to be unsuccessful. She was then evaluated for a CCTV. Consumer C was instructed in the use of a returned CCTV that would allow consumer to read mail, the Bible, and recipes. She was also taught in the use of eccentric viewing techniques. Consumer C was instructed in glare control and using the dark amber filtered sunglasses for outdoor use and the yellow filtered sunglasses for indoor use. She was presented with acetate paper to place over reading material to reduce glare. Consumer C found that the adaptive sunglasses a with the acetate paper efficiently reduced the problem of glare consumer had been experiencing on some reading materials. In addition to these aides, She learned to use the National Library Service, large print materials for writing notes, and medicine organizers to manage her medications. As a result of these services she is less dependent on her husband and is more active in the home. Consumer D is a former ER nurse who has retinitis pigmentosa. She lives in a rural part of Jefferson County next door to her daughter. At the time of her initial assessment her VRT learned that she had plans to go on a trip to Europe and would like to learn mobility skills to be able to travel safely and independently. Through her plan she was provided contract O&M services prior to the trip, which allowed her to successfully navigate the locations she visited. During her assessment she also developed interest in several other areas to prepare for her trip. Consumer D was instructed on the available writing aides for taking notes and keeping appointments along with how to use 5 plus readers for accessing print. She was also instructed in the use of talking timepieces to help manage time. In order to better manage indoor and outdoor glare she was provided light filtering glasses. She was also taught tactile money identification techniques to organize and identify her money. Consumer D was taught techniques for finding electrical outlets for plugs and entering her key into her door. In addition to these skills and devices, Consumer D was taught to use tactile markings to use her stove and thermostat. She was also referred to the NLS and learned to use the player to access the Bible. Her VRT provided her with strategies to use her iPad and computer more effectively as well. For Consumer D this training led to a safe and successful trip to Europe and increased independence at home.

E. Finally, note any problematic areas or concerns related to implementing the Title VII-Chapter 2 program in your state.

Our program continues to have difficulty in finding highly qualified applicants for vacant positions. It is also a challenge in regard to the amount of time and effort it takes to train lesser qualified staff to serve consumers. We need more VRT and O&M training programs and/or better ways to recruit graduates of those programs to our state. Another concern is the effect of the expected growth of the Baby Boomer Generation that will need our services, as they already make up 25% of FY 17 consumers. Increasing numbers in some of the underserved populations continues to be challenging despite efforts to increase referrals within those populations which includes the Hispanic community. In addition, the continuous increase in operating costs related to salary/benefits, supplies, rent, etc., with no increase in our Federal Grant is a concern for our program going forward. We are concerned that without new or increased revenue our program will be challenged to keep up with the demand for services without cutting the scope and quality of services provided.

Part IX: Signature

Please sign and print the name, title and telephone number of the IL-OIB Program Director below.

I certify that the data herein reported are statistically accurate to the best of my knowledge.

Signed byJane Elizabeth Burdeshaw
TitleCommissioner
Telephone334-293-7200
Date signed12/18/2017